A quadratic equation is a type of polynomial equation of the second degree, commonly encountered in algebra, physics, and engineering. It has a wide range of applications, from describing parabolic trajectories to solving optimization problems.

Understanding Quadratic Equations:

Quadratic equations are in the form ax^2 + bx + c = 0, where:

a, b, and c are coefficients.

x is the variable or unknown.

The highest degree of the variable (x) in a quadratic equation is 2 (hence 'quadratic', which implies 'squared').

Methods for Solving Quadratic Equations:

There are several methods to solve quadratic equations, including:

Factoring the quadratic expression.

Completing the square.

Using the quadratic formula: x = [-b ± sqrt(b² - 4ac)] / 2a.

Each method can be used depending on the nature of the coefficients and the complexity of the equation.

Example:

Consider the quadratic equation 2x^2 + 3x - 2 = 0:

Using the quadratic formula, we find the values of x that satisfy the equation.

x = [-3 ± sqrt(3² - 4×2×(-2))] / (2×2).

Key Points to Remember:

The solutions of a quadratic equation are called 'roots' and can be real or complex numbers.

The quadratic formula provides a straightforward way to find these roots.

Practical Applications:

Quadratic equations are used to model physical phenomena, like the motion of objects under gravity, and in various engineering applications.

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